What Causes Itching Of The skin? Treatment for Itchy Skin

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What causes itching of the skin? Is this a normal itch or should I worry? Whatever the case may be, we’ve got you.

Itchy skin, or pruritus, is a common symptom of dry skin. As people age, their skin becomes more prone to this condition.

It might be difficult to pinpoint exactly what is making your skin itch. Could be an uncomfortable dress or the sign of a severe problem, such as a rash or an infection.

Your skin’s appearance may be normal, red, rough, or bumpy, depending on the source of your itching.

Scratching may develop swollen, thick regions of skin that may bleed or get infected if done repeatedly.

Self-care procedures such as moisturizing regularly, using mild cleansers, and bathing in lukewarm water might provide some comfort to those who suffer from dry skin.

Getting long-term relief from itchy skin involves finding and addressing the root problem.

Medicated lotions, moist dressings, and anti-itch medications taken orally are all common therapies.

What causes itching of the skin and what are the signs?

So how can you tell that you have itchy skin? What are the signs?

It is possible to have itchy skin on just a small portion of the body, such as the scalp, or it may cover the whole body.

Itchy skin may arise without any visible signs on the skin. Alternatively, it may be linked to:

  • Redness
  • Scratch marks
  • Bumps, blisters
  • Skin that is cracked and dry
  • Patches of rough or leathery skin

What Causes itching of the skin

Itchy skin could be caused by one of the following reasons.

1. Dry skin

Extremely dry skin can get very itchy. To relieve the itch of dry skin, try the following:

  • Apply moisturizer after bathing while your skin is still wet, and again after changing clothing.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
  • Make use of a humidifier.
  • Don’t spend too much time in the shower and minimize the use of hot water.
  • Make use of gentle, hydrating soaps.
  • 2. Insects bites

    In most cases, the source of your itchy skin after a mosquito bite is evident, and the itching goes away shortly.

    Irritation from bedbugs, fleas, or other insects may continue for weeks or months at a time and be difficult to get rid of.

    Bedbugs, lice, and mites are among the pests that may leave you itchy for days or weeks.

    3. Contact dermatitis

    This itching rash is the result of an allergic reaction to something touching your skin.

    You may need a little bit of work to find out where it’s coming from.

    It could be metals in your jewelry or an ingredient in your cosmetics, toiletries, and cleaning products.

    For a person having an allergic response to a certain item, one of the simplest things to do is to avoid that product or chemical.

    Poison ivy is a kind of contact dermatitis as well.

    4. Psoriasis

    It causes your body to overproduce skin cells, which pile up on the skin’s surface in itchy, inflammatory spots. It results from a hyperactive immune system.

    5. Hives

    They are caused by allergies.

    They are swellings that appear alone or in groups and are typically itchy.

    Stress, heat, exercise, or sun exposure may also bring them out.

    Related: Dry Eyelids: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

    6. Fungal and bacterial infections

    Fungal and bacterial infections such as impetigo and folliculitis are possible causes of itching.

    7. Psychological Causes

    If your doctor cannot identify a physical reason, it might be in your head.

    Some mental illnesses cause individuals to scratch or pick at themselves.

    They may feel as though something is crawling on their skin. There is no rash, although scratching may cause skin harm. Possible causes are:

    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
    • Psychosis
    • Trichotillomania
    • Depression
    • Anxiety

    8. Nerve Problems

    When you’re unwell, your nervous system might get confused and tell the nerves on your skin to itch when there’s nothing to trigger it.

    There is no rash.

    However, if you’ve been scratching a lot, your skin may seem inflamed. It could be from:

    • Stroke
    • Brain tumor
    • Nerve damage
    • Shingles
    • Multiple sclerosis

    9. Pregnancy

    A lot of pregnant women claim that itching of the skin is an issue.

    The causes vary from minor rashes to more severe illnesses.

    10. Medications

    Some medications could cause itchiness. These medications include:

    • Estrogen
    • Hydroxyethylcellulose (used during surgery)
    • Opioids
    • Simvastatin
    • Over-the-counter pain medications such as Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium.
    • ACE inhibitors 
    • Allopurinol
    • Amiodarone 
    • Diuretics

    What causes itching of the skin? Treatment for itching skin

    The treatment for itching depends on the root cause. The following prescriptions may be made:

    Allergies

    Oral antihistamines are commonly used to treat allergies.

    They are available for prescription or buying online. Zyrtec, Claritin, and Benadryl are a few examples.

    Related: Thigh Chafing: Causes, Cure, and Prevention

    Fungal Infections

    Ringworm, athlete’s foot, and other fungal infections may be treated with antifungal medication.

    Topical therapies such as Creams and shampoos can be useful.

    A doctor may prescribe an oral medicine for serious infections. Terbinafine, often known as Lamisil, is widely used.

    Insect bites and sting

    You could relieve itching with topical antihistamines.

    Use insect repellent, maintain fly screens in excellent shape, and keep the body covered with clothes to avoid bites.

    Psoriasis

    If you have psoriasis or renal disease then non-pharmaceutical treatment options may be recommended for you.

    Light therapy or phototherapy is one such therapeutic approach.

    The therapy involves exposing the skin to various wavelengths of UV light to help keep the itching in check.

    When should I see my doctor?

    • Consult your doctor or a dermatologist if the itching:
    • Lasts more than two weeks and does not improve with self-care.
    • Is severe and keeps you from going about your everyday activities or stops you from sleeping
    • It appears unexpectedly and is difficult to explain.
    • Affects your whole body
    • Is associated with other symptoms such as weight loss, fever, or night sweats.

    If the issue continues after therapy for three months, see a dermatologist who will check you against possible skin disease.

    Related: Dry Scalp Treatment: Prescriptions and Home Remedies

    Final Thoughts

    Itching can be very discomforting. It could even disturb your sleep and your entire well-being.

    This is why you should find the possible causes of your itching and treat it and we’ve brought the solution to you.

    If itching persists, do well to contact a doctor.

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