Most of us take our locks for granted, just as we do our health and youth until they’re gone.
A hair transplant may help many patients regain what seems to be a complete head of hair, or at least a fuller head of hair.
If you’re concerned about losing hair or turning bald, the process might help you feel more confident about your appearance.
However, you should first speak with your doctor about what to anticipate before and after the procedure.
What Is a Hair Transplant and How Does It Work?
It’s a sort of surgery in which existing hair is moved to fill in areas where there is thin or no hair.
In the United States, doctors have been doing these transplants since the 1950s.
Although procedures have evolved significantly in recent years.
The operation is normally performed in the doctor’s office.
The surgeon begins by cleaning your scalp and injecting a numbing agent into the back of your skull.
Your doctor will perform the transplant using one of two methods:
follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) or follicular unit extraction (FUE).
A 6- to 10-inch piece of skin from the back of your skull is removed using FUSS.
They put it on the shelf and stitch the scalp shut.
More about hair transplant:
The hair surrounding it instantly hides this spot.
The surgeon’s team next splits the severed scalp strip into 500 to 2,000 microscopic grafts, each containing one or a few hairs.
The amount and kind of grafts you get are determined by your hair type, quality, colour, and the size of the region where the transplant is being performed.
The surgeon’s staff will shave the back of your scalp if you’re receiving the FUE operation.
The doctor will next remove the hair follicles one by one. Small spots heal the region, which your current hair will conceal.
Following that, both methods are identical.
The surgeon cleans and numbs the region where the hair will go, cuts holes or slits with a scalpel or needle, and carefully implants each transplant in one of the holes after preparing the grafts.
Other team members will most likely assist them in planting the grafts.
The procedure will take between 4 and 8 hours, depending on the amount of the transplant.
If you continue to lose hair or decide you desire thicker hair, you may require another operation.
Let’s take a look at how Follicular Unit Transplantation works (FUT)
Follicular unit strip surgery is another name for FUT (FUSS). Your physician will execute a FUT operation by following these steps:
- The surgeon removes a section of your scalp, generally from the back of your head, using a knife. Typically, the strip is 6 to 10 inches long, although it may run from ear to ear.
- Stitches are used to seal the wound where the scalp was removed.
- A scalpel is used to cut the scalp strip into smaller pieces by your surgeon and their assistance. They might split the chunk into as many as 2,000 smaller bits known as grafts. Only one hair may be present in some of these transplants.
- The surgeon cuts tiny holes on your scalp with a needle or blade where hair will be transplanted.
- Hairs from the scalp removed are inserted into the puncture holes by the surgeon. Grafting is the term for this procedure.
- They next use bandages or gauze to cover the surgery wounds.
The amount of grafts you get is determined by the following factors:
- What kind of hair do you have
- The size of the transplant area
- Hair quality (including thickness)
- Colour of hair
How Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) works
Your surgeon follows these procedures to do the FUE procedure:
- The hair on the back of your head is shaved off.
- Individual follicles are then extracted from the scalp skin by the surgeon. Each follicle will have a little mark where it was extracted.
- The surgeon inserts tiny holes in your scalp, similar to the FUT operation, and transplants hair follicles into the holes.
- They next use bandages or gauze to cover the surgical site.
Treatment Risks and Costs
The cost of a hair transplant varies greatly depending on the volume of hair being transplanted.
But it typically ranges from $4,000 to $20,000 presently. It is not covered by most insurance policies.
Transplants, like any other kind of surgery, include inherent hazards, such as bleeding and infection.
Scarring and unnatural-looking new hair growth are also possibilities.
Folliculitis is an inflammation or infection of the hair follicles that occurs around the time new locks begin to form.
Antibiotics and compresses may help to alleviate the issue.
Shock loss is when you abruptly lose part of your original hair in the place where you obtained the new strands.
But, for the most part, it isn’t permanent.
Discuss these concerns with your doctor, as well as how much improvement you may expect from the operation.
They can assist you in determining if it is a viable alternative for you.
Recovery and Side effects
Your scalp may be quite sensitive after surgery.
You may have to use pain relievers for many days.
For at least a day or two, your surgeon will have you wear bandages over your scalp.
They could also give you an antibiotic or an anti-inflammatory to take for a few days.
The majority of individuals can return to work 2 to 5 days following surgery.
The transplanted hair will fall out two to three weeks following surgery, but new growth should appear within a few months.
After 6 to 9 months, most individuals will notice 60% new hair growth.
Some surgeons prescribe minoxidil (Rogaine), a hair-growth treatment, to help with hair growth following transplantation.
Although, it’s unclear how effective it is.
Side effects of hair transplantation
Scarring is the most prevalent adverse effect, and no technique can eliminate it.
The following are some more possible adverse effects:
- Around the surgery sites, there may be an infection crust or pus discharge.
- Inflammation of hair follicles causes scalp discomfort, itching, and swelling (folliculitis)
- Around the surgery sites, there is bleeding and a loss of feeling.
- If your hair is still thinning, visible regions of hair that don’t match the surrounding hair or are significantly thinner will continue to lose hair.
Minoxidil and Propecia both have potential adverse effects, including:
- Dizziness due to the inflamed scalp
- Headaches and chest pain
- Heart rate fluctuation
- Sexual difficulties due to hand, foot, or breast oedema
Hair transplants are used to thicken or replace hair in areas of the head that are thinning or balding.
It involves transplanting hair from thicker sections of the scalp or other parts of the body to the thinning or balding area of the scalp.
Hair loss affects roughly 60% of men and 50% of women throughout the world.
Before deciding on any hair transplant technique, see your doctor or a transplant surgeon.
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